Metals and Minerals
 
star sapphireMetals and Minerals
preciousPrecious
steel barsMetals
metalloidsMetalloids
stone wallMinerals
sidewalk chalkNonmetals
oil pumpEnergy
windmillAlt Energy

curved steel barsResource Metals

Metals are the building blocks of civilization, produced by the ounce or the ton even as you read this page. (See inset.) We have broken down the metals into several categories.

Clean Tech Metals
Industrial Metals
Minor Metals
Precious Metals
Metalloids
Rare Earths

Metal history
Metal prices
Clean mining

lithium-ion batteryClean Tech Metals
We are most interested in the clean tech metals. These metals make possible the solar panels, wind turbines, and advanced batteries that are replacing established but wasteful industries.

BiBismuth

CdCadmium

CoCobalt

GaGallium

InIndium

InLithium

NbNiobium and tantalum

UPlutonium

UUranium

aluminum canIndustrial Metals
The industrial metals are the ones most obvious to us as we look around our daily lives. Industrial metals are smelted and shaped in high volume to become the frameworks of buildings, the substance of packaging, and the guts of machinery. These metals represent the old, familiar technologies that may pollute or waste, but are well-entrenched.

AlAluminum

CuCopper

FeIron and Steel

PbLead

MgMagnesium

NiNickel

SnTin

TiTitanium

ZnZinc

tungsten drill bitMinor Metals
The minor metals have established uses in small quantities, often as alloys and coatings for the industrial metals.

BeBeryllium

CrChromium

MnManganese

HgMercury

MoMolybdenum

KPotassium

RaRadium

NaSodium

WTungsten

VVanadium

ZrZirconium

Rare Earths

YRare earths are a set of 17 related metals that are critical for various clean tech and strategic purposes.

The Periodic Table of Elements
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